Silicone was first synthesized in 1907 by F.S. Kipping. Silicone is made of inorganic polymers that are based on a silicon-oxygen chain and functional organic groups that are linked to silicon atoms. In industrial uses, silicone of varying textures are produced and can be divided into different categories of application. According to the length of the the siloxane chain, its branching, and functional groups, it is possible to obtain numerous materials with varied characteristics.
The chemical properties of silicone give it the notable quality of being resistant to high temperatures, chemicals, and oxidation. Furthermore, it is an ideal electric insulating material, and has low surface tension.