Defined since its inauguration in 1989 as the mystery of the Louvre, the most famous museum in the world, the renowned Louvre Pyramid was designed by American architect Ieoh Ming Pei. The glass pyramid, which took seven years to build and is located next to the oldest part of the museum, represents a joining of classic and avant-garde styles and is now an architectural symbol of Paris. From the inception of its design, the structure was to be discreet and transparent, for which materials were chosen accordingly. The pyramid, which required expensive technology for its construction, is like a 200 ton diamond, made from aluminium and stainless steel with glass diamond-shaped windows.

One of the main characteristics of the pyramid is its backbone structure which consists of tension points. The pyramid measures 21.6 metres in height with a base of 35 metres per side. Its exterior is made of 603 rhomboid shaped pieces of glass and 70 triangular pieces.

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